Founded in 1984 in South Africa, Frank Talk is a political journal whose genealogy is rooted in the student-led anti-apartheid movement of the 1970s and 80s. Originally the pseudonym under which Steve Biko wrote several articles as the Publications Director of the South African Students’ Organization (SASO), Frank Talk became the title of the journal published by The Azanian People’s Organization (AZAPO), a nationalist group committed to Biko’s ideas of Black Consciousness.

Biko’s prolific SASO writings were published in early volumes of Frank Talk, and throughout its history the journal remained committed to the Black Consciousness ideology responsible for mobilizing student-led anti-apartheid resistance. Exploring the theory of Black Consciousness and related issues of race and racism, theology, culture and revolution, Frank Talk became a platform for rigorous political analysis of the frustrations and problems of black students and black people generally. Available in both Afrikaans and English, several issues of the journal were banned for distribution by South Africa’s apartheid government. The last issue of Frank Talk was published in 1990.

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traduction française par Scarlett Antoniou

Fondé en 1984 en Afrique du Sud, Frank Talk est un journal politique dont la généalogie est enracinée dans le mouvement anti-apartheid men&3233; par les étudiants dans les années 1970 et 80. A l’origine le pseudonyme sous lequel Steve Biko a écrit plusieurs articles comme le Directeur des Publications de l’Organisme des Etudiants Sud-Africains (OESA), Frank Talk devint le titre du journal édité par l’Organisme du Peuple Azanian, un groupe nationaliste engagé à poursuivre les idées de la Conscience Noire de Biko.

Les écrits OESA prolifiques de Biko furent édités dans les premiers volumes de Frank Talk et à travers son histoire, le journal resta engager à la l’idéologie de la Conscience Noire responsable pour la mobilisation de la résistance anti-apartheid menée par les étudiants. Explorant la théorie de la Conscience Noire et les questions relatives de la race et du racisme, de la théologie, de la culture et de la révolution, Frank Talk devint une plateforme pour une analyse politique rigoureuse des frustrations et des problèmes des étudiants noirs et du peuple noir en général. Disponibles en afrikaans et en anglais, plusieurs éditions du journal ont été interdites à la distribution par le gouvernement apartheid sud-africain. La dernière édition du Frank Talk a été publiée en 1990.


Stephen Bantu Biko, Louis Farrakhan, Walter Rodney , Gamal Nkrumah, Frank Talk Staff Writers


  • SASO Newsletter (1969)
  • Black Review (1975)
  • Ikwezi (1980)
  • Africanist news and views (1968)
  • Chimurenga: monthly news, commentary and mobilisation pamphlet of the Azanian Students Convention (1995)


  • Frank Talk on Wikipedia
  • Black Allied Mining And Construction Workers
  • Black Conscious Movement in South Africa
  • Advance Resist Defend: Soweto Tenth Anniversary
  • Azanian Socialist Review, 1990
  • Awake Black Students: Azasm National News Bulletin, vol.1 no1, 1995
  • Azanian Courier: An Azapo Publication, vol. 1. no2, 1990
  • Azanian Economic Policy, Programme and Strategy, 1990
  • Azanian Focus, vol.1 no.2, 1981; vol.1 no.6, 1977
  • Azanian Frontline: Newsletter of the Azania Liberation Support Committee, 1983
  • The Azanian Labour Journal: vol. 2 no. 1, 1989; vol. 2 no. 2 & 3, 1989
  • Azanian People’s Organisation: Conference Issue, 1983
  • Azapo: Political Education Series: vol. 1 no 1, 1990
  • Azanian Review: vol. 1 no 2, 1988/1996
  • A Decade of Resistance , Make it a Revolution, 1976-1986
  • Black Consciousness in South Africa.
  • Chimurenga: Monthly News, comment and mobilisation pamphlet of the Azanian Students Convention, 1995
  • Crossroads in Crisis: South African Squatter Camps, 1977
  • Cry Freedom
  • Don’t play with Apartheid, Don’t sing for Apartheid
  • Drumbeat: The Pulse of the Black masses , facts and reports, 1981
  • God or Apartheid: A Challenge to South African adventism, 1991
  • I Write What I Like: Selected Writings.
  • Letsetse, the flea: Monthly news, comment and mobilisation pamphlet of the Azanian People’s Organisation, 1986-1996
  • Solidarity: Official organ of the Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, 1977/1981/1983/1990
  • Suffering in the midst of so much concern: The plight of South African Refugee Students in the USA.
  • The African Communist: The Role of Black Consciousness in the South African Revolution, 1977
  • SASO Newsletter: Conference Issue, 1975
  • Secrets of the Barbed Wire Ghetto
  • The Testimony of Steve Biko.
  • “Bantu Stephen Biko”
  • “The Revolution in South Africa: An Analysis”
  • Archives of the Azanian People’s Organisation/ Black Consciousness Movement
  • Writings & resources on Steve Biko & the Black Consciousness Movement


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